Nude Maja 1800 painting is one of the representative works by the artist, Francisco Jose de Goya y Lucientes in1798-1805.
This works described the harmony height of the beauty of human body which is a song of praise for the women life.
From the picture, we can see that Maja lay down on the Turkey ottoman whose naked body was taken in everything in a glance. Her hands pillowed behind the brain, the body bended lightly, the two legs put together which showed a shy state, and having a nice hour-glass figure which had a vast and irregular of sense of rhythm.
Plump breast and prominent hip sat off the whole body extremely symmetrical and thick. The pillow under her body with the irregular shape and the very rigoroso body sat off and compare each other which sat off the nude portrait in the picture very well. The Maja in the picture never took her eyes off the World outside of her body who had an untraceable and attractive smile on the face.
But someone also thought her head is slightly bigger which is not so coordinate with the whole body. And her hip is too fat. These were not satisfied with the general aesthetical standard. Also her tiptoe was not according to the anatomical structure. Maybe this was the artist to do it on purpose.
But, in any case, this painting can give us a kind of fancy infectivity of art which made people look back with the figure in the picture and produced a kind of strong sensual pleasure. Meanwhile, the fearless gesture of the figure in the picture made the people prohibitive.
Here, many contradiction of the people desire of reason, sensibility and Secular scruples mixed together which made the painting full of magic power.
Maja in Spanish meant civilian girl. But the female in the picture was more like Civilian decoration noble women. So who is the maja under the artist?
There were various opinions about the question. One saying thought she was the Duchess of Alba. The Duchess was very pretty who killed the artist. So the artist created the painting for her to comfort the lovesick. Another saying is the artist painted it according to a maid of one priest family-a Madrid girl as the model.
In addition, there was the most legendary saying: the female in the picture was a wife of one merchant prince. This merchant prince asked Goya to paint a full length portrait in clothes. However, Goya marveled at the beauty of the madam. Especially her warm and plump fresh induced the artist to create the nude painting.
So after finishing the portrait, the artist went home immediately to paint this nude painting depending on the memory. The merchant prince knew this thing, he thought this made fun and desecrated of him. He wanted to struggle with the artist. The artist got the circular from his friend in advance, so he painted another painting with the same gesture called< Maja in clothes> in fast speed.
When the crude merchant took a sword to push in the studio, he saw the madam in clothes lay down there which made him embarrassed.
But, in the whole, the outstanding nude painting was very successful in the model design, color use and describe of character expression etc which showed the artist exquisite skilling.
It was also the proof that Goya explore and innovate boldly for the art despite tie of secular